On this occasion, we will be talking about a brilliant and dedicated person that has worked tremendously to help the world understand the benefits of being bilingual versus monolingual.
Who is Judith Kroll?
Judith Kroll is a Professor in the Department of Language Science at the University of California, Irvine. Her expertise commences with psycholinguistics, bilingualism, second language acquisition, language production, lexical processing, reading, visual cognition, gender, and science. She focusses her research on the unique way bilinguals juggle the presence of two languages in one mind and brain.
She is the author of more than 100 studies on the science of language, which have appeared in publications including the Journal of Experimental Psychology, Cognition, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, and Brain & Language, to name a few.
I found a scientific article of hers that caught my eye, “Aging in Two Languages: Implications for Public Health.” In this article, Professor Judith Kroll mentions how bilingualism is a vital tool against dementia and talks about some evidence gathered throughout the study.
According to Kroll’s article, “Research has shown that bilingualism is also a potent source of cognitive reserve, and a growing body of work has documented protective effects of bilingualism across the lifespan. The general finding is that bilinguals outperform monolinguals on tasks that require executive control or selective attention”.
Now, what is executive control? Also known as executive function is a term that includes management, regulation, and control of cognitive processes; this includes working memory, reasoning, problem-solving, social inhibition, planning, and execution. There are seven executive fundamental skills that are related to executive function: proficiency in adaptable thinking, planning, self-monitoring, self-control, working memory, time management, and organization.
I always knew there were significant advantages of being bilingual. Still, after reading some factual scientific evidence, I feel very proud of being bilingual and encouraged to utilize it throughout my life. From personal experience, I am sure about my abilities to multi-task and comprehend different aspects of work and life because of my ability to understand three languages. For all bilinguals out there, be proud of thinking, writing, and speaking a different language. I believe each brain is unique thanks to that multi-lingual learning experiences.
Lots of love,
Votre amie Madame C-Blanchard | AFSD Cultural Ambassador
- Bialystok, Ellen, Abutalebi, Jubin, Bak, Thomas H., Burke, Deborah M., Kroll, Judith F., Aging in Two Languages: Implications for Public Health.Ageing Research Reviews http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arr.2016.03.003
- (University, 2020)
- (Center, 2019)